Lithic References Cited

Ahler, S. A.
1971 Projectile Point Form and Function at Rogers Shelter, Missouri. Research Series No. 8, Missouri Archaeological Society, Columbia.

1989a Experimental Knapping with KRF and Midcontinent Cherts: Overview and Applications. In Experiments in Lithic Technology, edited by D.S. Amick and R. P. Mauldin, pp. 67-99. BAR International Series 528.

1989b Mass Analysis of Flaking Debris: Studying the Forest Rather Than the Trees. In Alternative Approaches to Lithic Analysis, edited by D. O. Henry and G. H. Odell, pp. 85-118. Archaeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association Number 1.

Ahler, S. A. and R.C. Christensen
1983 A Pilot Study of Knife River Flint Procurement and Reduction at Site 32DU508, a Quarry and Workshop Location in Dunn County, North Dakota. Department of Anthropology and Archeology, University of North Dakota. Submitted to the State Historical Society of North Dakota, Bismark.

Bobrowsky, P. T. and B. F. Ball
1989 The Theory and Mechanics of Ecological Diversity in Archaeology. In Quantifying Diversity in Archaeology, edited by Robert D. Leonard and George T. Jones, pp. 4-12. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Bradbury, A. P.
1998 Examination of Lithic Artifacts From An Early Archaic Assemblage: Strengthening Inferences Through Multiple Lines of Evidence. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 23(2):263-288.

Bradbury, A. P. and P. J. Carr
1995 Flake Typologies and Alternative Approaches: An Experimental Assessment. Lithic Technology 20(2):100-116.

1999 Examining Stage and Continuum Models of Flake Debris Analysis: An Experimental Approach. Journal of Archaeological Science 26(1):105-116.

Bradbury, A. P. and J. D. Franklin
2000 Raw Material Variability, Package Size and Mass Analysis. Lithic Technology, 25(1):62-78.

Cotterell, B. and Kamminga, J.
1979 The Mechanics of flaking. In (B. Hayden, Ed.) Lithic Use-Wear Analysis. Academic Press, Inc., New York, 97-112.

1987 The formation of flakes. American Antiquity 2:675-708.

Doran, J. and F. Hodson
1975 Mathematics and Computers in Archaeology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Dunnell, R. C.
1971 Systematics in Prehistory. The Free Press, New York.

Gregg, S. A., K. W. Kintigh, and R. Whallon
1991 Linking Ethnographical Interpretation and Archaeological Data: The Sensitivity of Spatial Analytical Methods to Postdepositional Disturbance. In The Interpretation of Archaeological Spatial Pattering. Edited by E. M. Kroll and T. D. Price, pp. 149-198. Plenum Press, New York.

Hodder, I. and C. Orton
1976 Spatial Analysis in Archaeology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Ingbar, E. E., M. L. Larson, and B. A. Bradley
1989 A Nontypological Approach to Debitage Analysis. In Experiments in Lithic Technology, edited by D.S. Amick and R. P. Mauldin, pp. 67-99. BAR International Series 528.

Jermann, J. V. and R. C. Dunnell
1979 Some Limitations of Isopleth Mapping in Archaeology. In Computer Graphics in Archaeology: Statistical Cartographic Applications to Spatial Analysis in Archaeological Contexts, edited by S. Upham, pp. 31-60. Arizona State University, Anthropological Research Papers, No. 15.

Johnson, R. A. and D. W. Wichern
1992 Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis. Third Edition. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.

Jones, G. T. and R. D. Leonard
1989 The Concept of Diversity: An Introduction. In Quantifying Diversity in Archaeology, edited by Robert D. Leonard and George T. Jones, pp. 1-3. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Jones, G. T., C. Beck and D. Grayson
1989 Measures of Diversity and Expedient Lithic Technologies. In Quantifying Diversity in Archaeology, edited by Robert D. Leonard and George T. Jones, pp. 69-78. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Keeley, L. H.
1980 Experimental Determination of Stone Tool Uses: a Microwear Analysis. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
1982 Hafting and Retooling: Effects on the Archaeological Record. American Antiquity 47(4):798-809).

Kintigh, K. W.
1984 Measuring Archaeological Diversity By Comparison with Simulated Assemblages. American Antiquity 49(1):44-54.

1988 The Effectiveness of Subsurface Testing: A Simulation Approach. American Antiquity 53:686-707.

1990 Intrasite Spatial Analysis: A Commentary on Major Methods. In Mathematics and Information Science in Archaeology: A Flexible Framework, edited by Albertus Voorrips. Studies in Modern Archaeology 3:165-200.

Kintigh, K. W. and A. Ammerman
1982 Heuristic Approaches to Spatial Analysis in Archaeology. American Antiquity 47:31-63.

Magne, M. P. R.
1985 Lithics and Livelihood: Stone Tool Technologies of Central and Southern Interior B. C. Archaeology Survey of Canada, Mercury Series No. 133, Ottawa.

1989 Lithic Reduction Stages and Assemblage Formation Processes. In Experiments in Lithic Technology, edited by D. S. Amick and R. P. Mauldin, pp. 15-32. BAR International Series 528.

Magne, M. P. R.. and D. Pokotylo
1981 A Pilot Study in Bifacial Lithic Reduction Sequences. Lithic Technology, 10(2-3)34-47.

Morrow, T. A.
1997 A Chip off the Old Block: Alternate Approaches to Debitage Analysis. Lithic Technology 22(1):51-69.

Odell, G. H.
1977 The Application of Micro-wear Analysis to the Lithic Component of an Entire Prehistoric Settlement: Methods, Problems, and Functional Reconstructions. Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, Harvard University.

1979 A New and Improved System for the Retrieval of Functional Information from Microscopic Observations of Chipped Stone Tools. In Lithic Use-Wear Analysis, edited by Brian Hayden, pp. 329-344. Academic Press, New York.

1980 Toward a More Behavioral Approach to Archaeological Lithic Concentrations. American Antiquity 45:404-431.

1996 Stone Tools and Mobility in the Illinois Valley: From Hunter-Gatherer Camps to Agricultural Villages. International Monographs in Prehistory, Archaeological Series 10.

Odell, G.H. and F. Odell-Verreecken
1980 Verifying the Reliability of Lithic User-Wear Assessments by ‘Blind Tests’: The Low-Power Approach. Journal of Field Archaeology 7:87-120.

Reid, J. J. (editor)
1982 Cholla Project Archaeology. Arizona State Museum Archaeology Series 161.

Rigaud, J. and J. F. Simek
1991 Interpreting Spatial Patterns at the Grotte XV: A Multiple Method Approach. In The Interpretation of Archaeological Spatial Pattering. Edited by E. M. Kroll and T. D. Price, pp. 199-220. Plenum Press, New York.

Schiffer, M. B.
1975 The Effects of Occupation Span on Site Content. In The Cache River Archeological Project: An Experiment in Contract Archeology, Assembled by M. B. Schiffer and J. H. House, pp. 265-272. Arkansas Archeological Survey, Research Series No. 8.

Shott, M. J.
1994 Size and Form in the Analysis of Flake Debris: Review and Recent Approaches. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 1, 69-110.

1996 Stage Versus Continuum in the Debris Assemblage From the Production of a Fluted Biface. Lithic Technology 21, 6-22.

Simek, J. F.
1987 Spatial Order and Behavioural Change in the French Paleolithic. Antiquity 61:25-40.

Towner, R. H. and M. Warbarton
1990 Projectile Point Rejuvenation: A Technological Analysis. Journal of Field Archeology 17:311-321.

Tringham, R., G. Cooper, G. Odell, B. Voytek, and A. Whitman
1974 Experimentation in the formation of edge damage: a new approach to lithic analysis. Journal of Field Archaeology 1:171-96.

Tsirk, A.
1979 Regarding fracture initiations. In (B. Hayden, Ed.) Lithic Use-Wear Analysis. Academic Press, Inc., New York, 97-112.

Young, D. and D. B. Bamforth
1990 On the Macroscopic Identification of Used Flakes. American Antiquity 55(2):403-409.

Whallon, R.
1984 Unconstrained Cluster Analysis. In Intrasite Spatial Analysis in Archaeology, edited by H. Hietala, pp. 112-123. Cambridge University Press.

Additional Resources

Bradbury, A. P.
2001 Modern or Prehistoric: Experiments in Distinguishing Between Culturally and Mechanically Produced Chipped Stone Artifacts. North American Archaeologist 22(3):231-258.

1998 The Examination of Lithic Artifacts From An Early Archaic Assemblage: Strengthening Inferences Through Multiple Lines of Evidence. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 23(2):263-288.

1997 The Bow and Arrow in the Eastern Woodlands: Evidence for an Archaic Origin. North American Archaeologist 18(3): 207-234.

Bradbury, A. P. and P. J. Carr
2001 A Method for Quantifying Size and Shape of Hafted Bifaces. In Lithic Analysis at the Millennium, Edited by N. Moloney and M. J. Shott. Archtype Press, London. In press.

1999 Examining Stage and Continuum Models of Flake Debris Analysis: An Experimental Approach. Journal of Archaeological Science 26(1):105-116.

1995 Flake Typologies and Alternative Approaches: An Experimental Assessment. Lithic Technology 20(2):100-116.

Bradbury, A. P. and J. D. Franklin
2000 Raw Material Variability, Package Size and Mass Analysis. Lithic Technology, 25(1):62-78.

Carr, P. J. and A. P. Bradbury
2001 Flake Debris Analysis, Levels of Production and the Organization of Technology. In Lithic Debitage Analysis: Context, Form, Meaning, edited by W. Andrefsky, Jr., pp 126-146. The University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.

2000 Contemporary Lithic Analysis and Southeastern Archaeology. Southeastern Archaeology, 19(2):120-134.