Bioarchaeology

Bioarchaeology studies conducted by CRA cover a variety of mortuary contexts, from prehistoric burials to historic cemetery excavations. Using various analytical approaches, past lifeways are interpreted through investigations of biological factors such as age, sex, stature, biological affinity, and pathology, viewed in relation to the cultural or historic context of the population in question.

CRA has conducted bioarchaeological investigations of mortuary sites in Kentucky, Missouri, and West Virginia. These have included historic period cemeteries dating from the eighteenth through twentieth centuries and burials associated with prehistoric villages and other habitations.

All materials associated with prehistoric and historic graves, including human remains and any items purposely interred with the dead, are collected and returned to the offices of CRA for analysis. Human remains are analyzed to specifications set forth in Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains (Buikstra and Ubelaker 1994), and all other material remains are analyzed by specialized researchers. Results of the investigations are presented in detailed technical reports.