Cuyahoga Valley National Park, Ohio Radiocarbon Dates

This database was provided by Dr. Fred A. Finney of Upper Midwest Archaeology, St. Joseph, Illinois

Site No.Site NameFeature and Stratigraphic PositionMaterial DatedArcheologicalUncorrected C14 age Uncorrected age Lab. No.Refs
CultureYears B.P.S.D.A.D. or B.C.S.D.
33Cu8South ParkFeature 8CharcoalWhittlesey330105AD 1620105CWRU-2A (1)Brose 1973
33Cu8South ParkFeature 8CharcoalWhittlesey33055AD 162055CWRU-2BBrose 1973
33Cu8South ParkFeature 4CharcoalWhittlesey30555AD 164555CWRU-4Brose 1973
33Cu8South ParkFeature 81/3, Area J, Sample 1Wood CharcoalWhittlesey33045AD 162045DIC-2393Brose 1973
33Cu8South ParkFeature 81/3, Area J, Sample 2Wood CharcoalWhittlesey36045AD 159045DIC-2398Brose 1973
33Cu8South ParkRefuse Pit 2 (Northwest Edge, Gravel Ridge)CharcoalWhittlesey300100AD 1650100M-2270Brose 1994
33Cu8South ParkFeature 12CharcoalWhittlesey30555AD 164555M-2271Brose 1973
33Cu8South ParkFeature 1, SW halfCharcoalWhittlesey31050AD 164050WIS-537Brose 1973
33Cu8South ParkFeature 49CharcoalWhittlesey38055AD 157055WIS-538Brose 1973
33Cu8South ParkFeature 23 (house floor lenses)CharcoalWhittlesey41055AD 154055WIS-539Brose 1973
33Cu8South ParkFeature 98 originating in Level 1CharcoalWhittlesey95065AD 100065WIS-576Brose 1973
33Cu25KurtzFeature 1 hearthWood CharcoalMiddle Historic20050AD 175050CRWU-64Brose et al. 1981:257-258
33Cu46Sweet CornFeature 8Wood CharcoalWhittlesey65050AD 130050Beta-109157Finney 1997
33Cu65VaughnLevel 2, XU6 (TL-date)Grit-tempered SherdWhittlesey28030AD 167030Alpha-959Zalesky 1986
33Cu65VaughnFeature 4 wall (TL-date)Grit-tempered SherdWhittlesey68090AD 127090Alpha-960Zalesky 1986
33Cu65VaughnLevel 1, XU5/6 hearthWood CharcoalWhittlesey19060AD 176060Beta-8956Zalesky 1986
33Cu65VaughnFeature 1Wood CharcoalWhittlesey70050AD 125050Beta-8957Zalesky 1986
33Cu65VaughnFeature 1Wood CharcoalWhittlesey41050AD 154050Beta-8958Zalesky 1986
33Cu402Plateau PicnicFeature 1Wood CharcoalLate Archaic290060950 BC60Beta-109156Finney 1997
no #William Knapp HouseFeature 1 roasting oven in TU 2CharcoalWhittlesey38070AD 157070Beta-96184MWAC files
33Su12Lee VillageRefuse pit excavated by Steve FullerCharcoalWhittleseyunknownunknownAD 1250-1300unknown1975 Bush OAI form
33Su87Columbia Road VillageFeature 77-3 (Feature 1?)Wood CharcoalLate Woodland109085AD 86085DIC-2605Belovich and Brose 1982
33Su87Columbia Road VillageFeature 77-5 (Feature 1?)Wood CharcoalLate Woodland116060/50AD 79060/50DIC-2606Belovich and Brose 1982
33Su92Greenwood VillageFeature 10, Sec. C., 82 cmbs, TU 19 and 20Wood CharcoalLate Woodland126080AD 69080Beta-10715Belovich and Brose 1992
33Su92Greenwood VillageFeature 10, Sec. D., 100 cmbs, TU 19 and 20Wood CharcoalLate Woodland150060AD 45060Beta-10716Belovich and Brose 1992
33Su92Greenwood VillageFeature 10, Sec. D., 101 cmbs, TU 19 and 20Wood CharcoalLate Woodland102070AD 93070DIC-3072Belovich and Brose 1992
33Su92Greenwood VillageFeature 10, Sec. B., 77 cmbs, TU 19 and 20; TLGrit-tempered SherdLate Woodland1180180AD 770180Alpha-1484Belovich and Brose 1992
33Su92Greenwood VillageFeature 10, Sec. B., 82 cmbs, TU 19 and 20; TLGrit-tempered SherdLate Woodland1200200AD 750200Alpha-1485Belovich and Brose 1992
33Su92Greenwood VillageLevel 3 (26-36 cmbs), north half, TU 10; TLLimestone-tempered SherdLate Woodland1110170AD 840170Alpha-1486Belovich and Brose 1992
33Su99Hines Hill Conf. CenterFeature 1 pit in TU 3CharcoalWhittlesey89040AD 106040Beta-96185MWAC files
33Su121Schmidt (Everett Church)Feature 1 hearth/oven, 40 cmbs, CM sherdsWood CharcoalMiddle Woodland180050AD 15050Beta-147192Bauermeister 2002
33Su121SchmidtPitWood CharcoalArchaic3800401850 BC40Beta-160193Bauermeister 2002
33Su121SchmidtLinear featureWood CharcoalWhittlesey65040AD 130040Beta-160194Bauermeister 2002
33Su136Kepner HouseFeature 23, TU2, 50-60 cmbs FCR clusterWood CharcoalLate Archaic38501001900 BC100Beta-147366MWAC files
33Su138Stanford KnollCuyahoga Cordmarked sherd (TL-date)Grit-tempered SherdLate Woodland1330150AD 620150Alpha-2621Lee 1986
33Su138Stanford KnollLeimbach Thick sherd from ST 31, F. 6 (TL-date)Grit-tempered SherdEarly Woodland2850300900 BC300Alpha-2622Lee 1986
33Su138Stanford KnollFeature 1 - Flint Ridge bladelets & McGraw CMWood CharcoalMiddle Woodland165060AD 30060Beta-15011Lee 1986
33Su138Stanford KnollFeature 11Wood CharcoalMiddle Woodland178060AD 17060Beta-15012Lee 1986
no #Szalay HouseFeature 6 postmold with MW ceramics and micaWood CharcoalMiddle Woodland177060AD 18060Beta-122443Richner and Volf 2000; Volf 2000
no #Szalay HouseFeature 13 postmold with many MW ceramicsWood CharcoalMiddle Woodland181060AD 14060Beta-122444Richner and Volf 2000; Volf 2000
no #Szalay HouseFeature 4 postmold with MW ceramicsWood CharcoalMiddle Woodland174060AD 21060Beta-122445Richner and Volf 2000; Volf 2000
no #Szalay HouseFeature 5 roasting oven has MW ceramics and micaWood CharcoalMiddle Woodland170060AD 25060Beta-122446Richner and Volf 2000; Volf 2000
no #Szalay HouseFeature 5 roasting oven has MW ceramics and micaWood CharcoalMiddle Woodland166060AD 29060Beta-122447Richner and Volf 2000; Volf 2000
no #Szalay HouseFeature 5 roasting oven has MW ceramics and micaWood CharcoalMiddle Woodland168060AD 27060Beta-122448Richner and Volf 2000; Volf 2000
no #Szalay HouseFeature 22, 35-40 cmbs, MW bladelet, CM sherdsCharred nut hull (AMS)Middle Woodland162040AD 33040Beta-147367Richner and Volf 2000; Volf 2000
no #Point Farm HouseFeature 1 - roasting ovenWood CharcoalMiddle Woodland168060AD 27060Beta-96182Richner, Volf, and Bauermeister 2001
no #Botzum Farm HouseFeature 1 (burned area) in TU 1 at 50 cmbsWood CharcoalWhittlesey63050AD 132050Beta-96183MWAC files
no #CUVA 1997-1Roasting oven eroding into riverWood CharcoalLate Historic17050AD 178050Beta-119018MWAC files
no #CUVA 1997-2Feature 2 - roasting oven in TU 1Wood CharcoalLate Woodland125060AD 70060Beta-119019MWAC files
no #CUVA 1997-2Feature 2 - roasting oven in TU 1Wood CharcoalLate Woodland106060AD 89060Beta-119020MWAC files
no #CUVA 1997-2N103-105, E95-96, roasting oven at 180 cmbsWood CharcoalLate Woodland125060AD 70060Beta-147191MWAC files
no #CUVA 1997-2N103-105, E95-96, roasting oven at 180 cmbsWood CharcoalLate Woodland127070AD 68070Beta-147365MWAC files
The following sites are close to CUVA.
Site No.Site NameFeature and Stratigraphic PositionMaterial DatedArcheologicalUncorrected C14 ageUncorrected ageLab. No.Reference
CultureYears B.P.S.D.A.D. or B.C.S.D.
33Cu7Tuttle Hill (Pemco)Pemco interchange, pit salvaged under middenBoneWhittlesey900100AD 1050100DIC-14Sumodi 1974
33Cu34Squaw RockshelterCultural Level II - Kirk, St. Albans, lanceolateCharcoalArchaic94801607530 BC160DIC-586Brose 1989
33Cu34Squaw RockshelterCultural Level I - BrewertonCharcoalArchaic7450855500 BC85DIC-321Brose 1989
33Cu224StaasFeature 116 (45-49 cm)Wood CharcoalWhittlesey61070AD 134070Beta-28995Belovich 1986
33Su18Krill CaveFeature 4CharcoalArchaic39801302030 BC130DIC-316Prufer et al. 1989
33Su18Krill CaveFeature 5CharcoalArchaic3340651390 BC65DIC-317Prufer et al. 1989
33Su18Krill CaveFeature 6Charcoalbetween EW & LW1750375AD 200375DIC-318Prufer et al. 1989
33Su18Krill CaveFeature 1 with Fayette Thick sherdsCharcoalEarly Woodland170575AD 24575UGA-1528Prufer et al. 1989
33Su18Krill CaveFeature 7CharcoalEarly Woodland209595145 BC95UGA-1529Prufer et al. 1989
33Su18Krill CaveFeature 8CharcoalEarly Woodland1795265AD 155265UGA-1530Prufer et al. 1989
33Su18Krill CaveFeature 1 with Whittlesey sherdsCharcoalWhittlesey40580AD 154580UGA-1531Prufer et al. 1989
no #Gillie RockshelterShallow hearth with Whittlesey sherdsWood CharcoalWhittlesey1745130AD 205130GX-2455Bernhardt 1973
Key:
EWEarly Woodland
MWMiddle Woodland
LWLate Woodland
XUExcavation Unit
TUTest Unit
CMCordmarked
Notes:1. More than one date has been published for CWRU-2A. The age of this sample remains uncertain because the CWRU laboratory never submitted their dating results to the journal Radiocarbon.
2. All dates in this table were backchecked against the published results in the journal Radiocarbon whenever possible.
3. Middle Historic and Late Historic used above follow definitions in Quimby (1966).

References Cited

Bauermeister, Ann
2002 Archeological Inventory and Evaluative Testing for Proposed Developments at 33SU121 Cuyahoga Valley National Park, Summit County, Ohio. Preliminary Report. Midwest Archeological Center, National Park Service, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Belovich, Stephanie J.
1986 The Staas Site (33Cu224): 1985 Excavations. Archaeological Research Reports No. 66. Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Cleveland.

Belovich, Stephanie J., and David S. Brose
1982 Survey and Evaluative Testing within the Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area: Sites 33Su87 and 33Su102. Archaeology Research Reports No. 40. Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Cleveland.
1992 Late Woodland Fortifications in Northern Ohio: The Greenwood Village Site. Kirtlandia 47:3-23. Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Cleveland.

Bernhardt, Jack E.
1973 Gillie Rockshelter: A Late Woodland Phase in Summit County, Ohio. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. Kent State University, Kent.

Brose, David S.
1973 Preliminary Analysis of Recent Excavations at the South Park Site, Cuyahoga County, Ohio. The Pennsylvania Archaeologist 43(1):25-52.
1989 The Squaw Rockshelter (33CU34): A Stratified Archaic Deposit in Cuyahoga County. Kirtlandia 44:17-53. Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Cleveland.
1994 The South Park Village Site and the Late Prehistoric Whittlesey Tradition of Northeast Ohio. Monographs in World Archaeology No. 20. Prehistory Press, Madison, Wisconsin.

Brose, David S., Stephanie Belovich, Michael W. Brooslin, Robert Burns, John Hall, Harold Haller, Christopher Pierce, and Carl C. Ubbelohde
1981 Archaeological Investigations in the Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area. Archaeological Research Reports No. 30:1-586. Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Cleveland.

Finney, Fred A.
1997 Archaeological Investigations at Selected Sites in the Cuyahoga River Valley, Cuyahoga and Summit Counties, Ohio. Reports of Investigation No. 467. Institute for Minnesota Archaeology, Minneapolis.

Lee, Alfred M.
1986 Excavations at the Stanford Knoll Site, Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area, Summit County, Ohio. Archaeological Research Reports No. 65(1). Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Cleveland.

Prufer, Olaf H., Dana A. Long, and Donald J. Metzger
1989 Krill Cave: A Stratified Rockshelter in Summit County, Ohio. Kent State Research Papers in Archaeology No. 8. Kent State University Press, Kent.

Richner, Jeffrey J., and William J. Volf
2000 Front Yard Archeology: Hopewellian Occupation at the Szalay Site. Hopewell Archaeology Newsletter 4(1):10-11. Copy on file, Midwest Archeological Center, National Park Service, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Richner, Jeffrey J., William J. Volf, and Ann Bauermeister
2001 Archeological Inventory and Evaluative Test Excavations at the Historic Point Farm, Cuyahoga Valley National Park, Boston Township, Summit County, Ohio. Draft manuscript version of a Technical Report. Midwest Archeological Center, National Park Service, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Sumodi, A. J.
1974 Radioisotopes Laboratory Radiocarbon Date List I. Radiocarbon 16(2):166-177.

Volf, William J.
2000 The Szalay Site: Hopewellian Occupation in Northeastern Ohio. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. Department of Anthropology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln.

Zalesky, James M.
1986 Archeological Investigation at the Vaughn Site (33Cu65), Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area, Ohio. Occasional Studies in Anthropology No. 18. Midwest Archeological Center, National Park Service, Lincoln, Nebraska.